Target Audience: How to Define and Reach Your Ideal Customers


It all starts with the customer. By getting to know your target audience, and their quirks, interests, and habits, you can create marketing magic that speaks their language and builds strong, lasting relationships, driving your business success.

Senior Marketing Manager
October 4, 2023
  (NZDT - GMT +12)

At Virtual Marketers we take on a wide range of marketing projects, and one thing 99% of them have in common is where they all begin… with the customer. Understanding your customer (current and future) is the key to creating effective marketing strategies, campaigns, touchpoints etc. because to know them is to know how to reach them, and how to get their attention. So, let’s start with the main question: how do we get to know them?

Defining Your Target Audience

Before you can effectively reach your ideal customers, you must first define who they are. This is a crucial step in your marketing strategy because it allows you to allocate your resources more efficiently and create content that resonates with the right people. Here are the key things to take into account:

  1. Demographics: Start by considering the demographic characteristics of your potential customers. This includes age, gender, location, education, income, and marital status. For example, if you sell luxury watches, your target audience might be affluent individuals aged 35-60.
  2. Psychographics: Go beyond demographics and delve into the psychographics of your audience. This involves understanding their values, beliefs, interests, and lifestyle choices. For instance, if you offer eco-friendly products, your target audience might be environmentally conscious individuals who prioritise sustainability.
  3. Behaviour: Analyse the behaviour of your potential customers. What problems are they trying to solve? How do they typically make purchasing decisions? Are they loyal to certain brands? Understanding their behaviour helps you tailor your marketing strategies accordingly.
  4. Needs and Pain Points: Identify the needs and pain points of your audience. What challenges do they face that your product or service can address? What might stop them purchasing? By addressing these pain points in your marketing messages, you can connect with your audience on a deeper level.
  5. Competitive Analysis: Study your competitors to see who their target audience is. This can provide valuable insights into potential overlaps or gaps in the market that you can leverage.

This information can be gleaned from research, your personal experience with your customers, your knowledge of the industry etc. Once you have a clear picture of your target audience, it's time to create personas.

Creating Personas in 7 Steps

Personas are detailed and fictional representations of your ideal customers. They help you humanise your target audience, making it easier to tailor your marketing efforts and messages to their specific needs and preferences. To create personas, follow these seven steps:

  1. Name and Background: Give your persona a name and provide a brief background. For example, "Samantha, a 42-year-old marketing manager with a passion for fitness."
  2. Demographics: Include demographic information such as age, gender, location, job, and income.
  3. Psychographics: Describe their interests, values, hobbies, and lifestyle choices. Understand what makes them tick and what they care about.
  4. Goals and Challenges: Identify their goals and the challenges they face. What are they trying to achieve, and what obstacles stand in their way?
  5. Buying Behaviour: Understand their decision-making process when it comes to purchasing products or services like yours. Are they price-sensitive, or do they prioritise quality?
  6. Preferred Channels: Determine where your personas spend their time online and offline. Are they active on social media, do they read blogs, or do they prefer in-person events?
  7. Quotes: Include quotes that capture their thoughts, feelings, and pain points. These quotes can be powerful tools for aligning your messaging with your personas' needs.

By creating personas, you can develop a deeper understanding of your target audience's motivations and preferences. It helps put a “real” person in front of you, reminding you that you can’t always make assumptions based on your own experiences or preferences. This insight allows you to craft marketing campaigns that resonate on a personal level to the actual people you want to target.

Tailoring Your Marketing Efforts

Now that you have defined your target audience and created personas, it's time to put this information to good use. Here's how you can tailor your marketing efforts to effectively reach your ideal customers:

  • Content Creation: Develop content that speaks directly to the pain points, interests, and goals of your personas. If one of your personas, like "Samantha," is interested in fitness, create blog posts, videos, or social media content that addresses fitness-related topics and how your product or service can help.
  • Personalised Messaging: Use the language and messaging that resonates with your personas. If your audience values sustainability, highlight the eco-friendly aspects of your product or service in your marketing materials.
  • Channel Selection: Choose the right marketing channels based on where your personas are most active. If your personas prefer Instagram and LinkedIn, allocate your resources accordingly and engage with them on these platforms.
  • Product Development: Use persona insights to refine your product or service. If your personas prioritise convenience, find ways to make the customer experience even more seamless.

Defining your target audience and creating personas are essential steps in developing a successful marketing strategy. These tools help you understand your ideal customers on a deeper level, allowing you to tailor your messaging and outreach efforts to their specific needs and preferences. It just makes it all more personal and real. By investing time and effort into understanding your audience, you can build stronger connections, increase brand loyalty, and ultimately drive growth for your business. Remember, it's not just about reaching any audience; it's about reaching the right audience.

We delve deep into understanding your target audience as part of our One-off Fundamental Marketing Strategy. Learn more about it here.

One-Off Fundamentals